Undernourishment is mainly a problem in poorer countries. But what is malnutrition exactly? Are people in Europe affected as well? What can you do about it? You will learn all this and much more in this article.
What is undernourishment?
Undernourishment is a form of malnutrition in which too few calories are consumed.
As more calories are consumed than are consumed by food, there is a calorie deficit. Due to the low calorie intake again underweight arises.
Of course, it is mainly in developing countries that people are malnourished.
In South America, Asia but especially in Africa, there are unfortunately many people who suffer from chronic undernourishment. This causes many different diseases. Sadly, many people die for this reason.
Of course, it is almost always poverty in the developing world. In addition, many people do not know how to optimally feed themselves. This often causes a micronutrient deficiency, even if enough is eaten.
Undernourishment is rare in western industrialized countries. Nevertheless, there are some people who eat too little calories.
Many people simply do not absorb enough nutrients because they eat highly processed foods.
Are you malnourished?
There are of course different levels of undernourishment. While in poorer countries people often suffer from life-threatening underweight, in Europe it looks different.
If someone is malnourished here, it usually looks like this:
If these three points apply to you, you may be slightly malnourished. Whether you are eating enough calories, you can find out with a calorie calculator.
Of course, it is not only crucial how many calories you consume. Equally important is that you cover all nutrients.
Whether you really suffer from malnutrition or are just very genetically slim and you feel otherwise comfortable, I can not tell you here.
If you are not sure, you can check with a doctor and ask for his opinion.
The consequences of undernourishment
Being malnourished or undernourished can have a negative impact on your health and well-being.
Among other things, the following symptoms may occur:
- Lack of power
- low load capacity
- digestive problems
- slow wound healing
In addition to these symptoms, many more complaints can occur. Of course, if one or more symptoms apply to you, it does not necessarily mean that you are malnourished.
In women, undernourishment can even cause the cycle to fail. If that is the case, urgent action is needed.
How to eat well and balanced, you will learn in the next section.
How do you eat right?
To feed you sufficiently, you must pay attention to the following points:
1. Take enough calories to you
Your body consumes a lot of energy every day. That he can maintain all functions and you stay healthy, you must also take enough energy in the form of food.
You need to know how many calories you consume during the day. There are enough calorie calculator on the Internet. Now try to eat as many calories every day as you consume.
If you want to gain weight, you will even need a calorie surplus.
2. Take enough macronutrients to you
To optimally care for your body, you must always pay attention to a sufficient macronutrient distribution.
You should be adequate every day
to take you. It is best if you eat unprocessed food. You can find a list of such foods here.
3. Make sure you have enough micronutrients
Just as important are micronutrients. Micronutrients are e.g.
- secondary plant substances
Of course, there are other micronutrients, but that would go beyond the scope here. You can also find micronutrients in fresh, unprocessed foods.
If you pay attention to these three points, you are by no means malnourished.
Undernourishment – The Conclusion
Even though really severe malnutrition occurs almost exclusively in developing countries, there are also people affected in Europe.
To make you feel better and stay healthy, you should always eat well.
Not only the quantity of your food counts, but also the quality.